Edward Bernstein saw the Bolshevik revolution as a coup. It was lead by a despotic party that supressed other parties, both captialist and socialist. The Bolsheviks ruled through a military dictatorship. The Bolsheviks were creating a new lower level form of capitalism. With their supression of political, cultural and spiritual freedom the Bolsheviks were nearer to the Tzarism of old than all the other parties.
The German Revolution of November 1918 was a true revolution according to Edward Bernstein. It was lead by the Berlin workers. It didn’t establish a workers state. But it did create a new society where workers enjoyed greater political and social rights then they had under the Kaiser. It was a true democratic revolution than advanced social democracy.
During the next few posts I will examine Edward Bernstein book where he revised and moved away from classical Marxism towards a different philosophical foundation of socialism.